Jos Jaspars Medal
The Jaspars Lecture was established by the Association in 1990 in recognition of Jos Jaspars' outstanding contribution to the EASP.In 2005 the Jaspars Lecture was replaced by three Jos Jaspars Medals which are awarded to young scholars who have made an outstanding research contribution. An open call for this award is issued in the Summer prior to the General Meeting. Candidates for this award will usually be self-nominated, but they can also be nominated by colleagues. The awardee is selected by the EC in the Autumn preceding the General Meeting, based on the recommendation of a committee of three EASP member, chaired by the EASP Grant’s Officer. The awardees receive a certificate and a bronze medal. As a tribute to Jos Jaspars' influential editorship of the European Journal of Social Psychology, the publishers of the Journal sponsor the Medals financially by paying the medal winners’ registration fees.
Eligibility and Past Award Winners
Candidates for the Jos Jaspars awards should have obtained their PhD not earlier than January 1st of the year of the previous General Meeting. Note that this period can be extended for up to one additional year in case the candidate can prove to have taken a maternal or paternal leave. Candidates should be full members of EASP by the time their application for the award is submitted.
Recipients of the Jos Jaspars awards will be decided by a four-person panel comprising one member of the Executive Committee and three external members. Members of the Association are asked to encourage suitable candidates to apply at the appropriate time. As a tribute to Jaspars’ influential editorship of the European Journal of Social Psychology, the publishers of the Journal are sponsoring the Awards financially. This funding will cover the registration fees of the awardees for the General Meeting in Amsterdam. Recipients of the Jos Jaspars Award will be decided by a four-person panel comprising one member of the Executive Committee and three external members.
Past award winners
- 2017: Aleksandra Cichocka, Namkje Koudenburg, David Loschelder
- 2014: Ron Dotsch, Francesca Righetti, Shaul Shalvi
- 2011: Malte Friese, Esther Papies, Martijn van Zomeren
- 2008: Aarti Iyer, Jeroen Vaes, Gerben van Kleef
- 2005: David de Cremer, Rob Holland, Tim Wildschut
Past Jaspars lecturers
- San Sebastiàn (2002): Thomas Mussweiler
Everything is relative: Comparison processes in social judgment
- Gmunden (1996): Carsten de Dreu
The negotiator as a pragmatic thinker: Need for closure, concession making, and integrative agreements
- Lisbon (1993): Neil Macrae
Social stereotypes and mental life: A peak inside the toolbox
- Budapest (1990): Naomi Ellemers
Individual and collective strategies of identity enhancement
Jos Jaspars (1934–1985)
by Roel W. Meertens, University of Amsterdam
Jos Jaspars was born on March 16 th, 1934 in Maastricht (The Netherlands). He started to study psychology at Leiden University in 1955, where he obtained a bachelor’s degree (doctoraal) cum laude in clinical and mathematical psychology. At Leiden he was research and teaching assistant (docent) in psychology between 1961 and 1963. Initially, he was mostly engaged in psychodiagnostic work and vocational counseling. His very first publications were therefore not in social psychology, but in school psychology: They concerned an education program in home economics for girls. In 1962-1963 he stayed in the United States, where he visited - among others - George Kelly (personal construct psychology) and Raymond Cattell (mathematical models and statistical techniques). From 1963 to 1969 Jos Jaspars occupied several academic positions at Leiden University.
His Ph. D. thesis ‘On Social Perception’ (1966) introduced a mathematical and statistical analysis of the role played by naïve implicit personality theories in the perception of others. In this period Jos Jaspars’ interests clearly turned to social psychological topics, and very soon he became an international authority in that area. He was associate dean of the second European Research Training Seminar in experimental social psychology at the University of Leuven in 1967, the beginning of lifelong involvement with the EASP. In the academic year 1969-1970 Jos Jaspars, his wife Bea (also a psychologist) and their two young children stayed in Delaware, were he was appointed associate (Fulbright) professor , and where he worked with Ralf Exline on nonverbal communication.
In 1970 Jos Jaspars accepted a chair in social psychology at Nijmegen University. The next five years were both a period of growth and of stagnation. He supervised 13 Ph. D. theses and published more than twenty articles. As to growth, at first he conducted research on nonverbal communication, especially on eye contact. Later he became involved in the at that time vigorous debate on the relative effects of hereditary and environmental factors on intelligence. Jos reanalysed existing data sets and he developed new models of genetic and environmental covariance. As to stagnation, as chairman of the social psychology department Jos Jaspars had to live with a burden of administrative responsibilities and with an academic climate poisened by radical Marxist students. Worn out and disappointed, in 1976 he returned to Leiden, where he held a special exchange chair in behaviour genetics and comparative social sciences.
In 1977 Jos Jaspars became Lecturer in psychology in the Department of Psychology at Oxford University and Fellow of St. Edmund Hall. He would occupy these positions until his sudden death on July 31th, 1985. These eight years in Oxford were extremely productive in terms of supervised Ph. D. theses (24) and publications (about 40). Most publications came about as a product of cooperative research with co-workers and former students, like Frank Fincham, Miles Hewstone, Bea Jaspars, Mansur Lalljee, and many others.
After the 1967 European Summer School Jos Jaspars served the EASP in many functions. He was a staff member in four more summer schools. He was a member of the Executive Committee from 1972 to 1978, and its acting president for two years (1977-1978). He was editor of the European Journal of Social Psychology between 1973 and 1978, and editor of the European Monographs in Social Psychology (1980-1985). He also wrote a moving personal view of the history of the EASP and the development of his own academic career (Jaspars, 1986).
Beyond merely summing up these positions, functions and publications, it is instructive to look at the outstanding characteristics of Jos Jaspars’ research. His publications are lively, elegant and inquisitive. They speak to his broad intellectual background and his powerful critical-analytical approach. Many publications also demonstrate his exceptional skills at mathematics and statistics. Although Jos Jaspars studied a wide range of topics, three main themes recur throughout his entire career: social cognition, reflections on social psychology as a discipline, and applied social psychology (cf. Meertens, van der Kloot, & DeRidder, 1989).
The first main theme started already with his Ph. D. thesis on social perception. In the Oxford years this theme was broadened to social cognition, especially attribution processes. Together with his co-workers Jos Jaspars replaced Kelley’s (1967) seminal theory by a more sophisticated model of inductive logic. According to this model, people do not perform a mental analysis of variance as Kelley suggested, but they perform an intuitive regression analysis. Other publications were devoted to the circumstances under which people reason like scientists, arriving at a universal explanation of an event, and those under which they test idiosyncratic but functional hypotheses of causal attributions. Jos Jaspars’ attention was also drawn to the neglected issue of the ‘social’ nature of attribution processes. He emphasized the cultural origins of explanations, their collective nature, and the impact of the social categorizations of actors and perceivers upon them.
A second recurrent theme is the historical development and the interdisciplinary character of social psychology between psychology and sociology. In a number of publications Jos Jaspars emphasized the peculiar past and the development of the field. These publications contain profound historical analyses, and they demonstrate his optimistic view of the future.
The third theme is the application of theoretical social psychology in order to solve practical problems in society. As noted before, Jos Jaspars’ very first publications concerned home economics education for girls. In Oxford he applied his extensive work on attribution theory to educational problems. An example is a study on the cognitive processes and explanations of classroom disorders given by pupils, parents and teachers. The second field in which Jos Jaspars applied fundamental social psychology was health care, especially communication processes between family physicians and patients. In the last year of his life he published a paper in which he stressed the need for a comparative social psychology, both for the development of theories and for proper applications. In his view the discipline needs a taxonomy of situations and ‘principia media’ between general laws and specific situations.
Jos Jaspars’ sudden death in the summer of 1985, just shortly after his decision to accept a chair in theoretical psychology at Leiden Universty, caused widespread mourning among students and colleagues (e.g DeRidder, 1986). They remember his outstanding intellect, his warm and unselfish personality, and above all his everlasting inspiring vision on the partly already realised, partly potential scientific and societal significance of social psychology.
- DeRidder, R. (1986). Obituary Jos Jaspars (1934-1985). European Journal of Social Psychology, 16, V-XI.
- Jaspars, J.M.F. (1966). On social perception. Ph.D. thesis, University of Leiden.
- Jaspars, J.M.F. (1986). Forum and focus: A personal view of European social psychology. European Journal of Social Psychology, 16, 3-15.
- Kelley, H.H. (1967). Attribution theory in social psychology. In D.Levine (ed.). Nebraska symposium on motivation. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.
- Meertens, R.W., van der Kloot, W.A., & DeRidder, R. (1989). The publications of Jos M.F.Jaspars: A bibliography. Leiden: Department of Psychology, Leiden University.